What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The usefulness of the cookie is that the web is able to remember your visit when you return to browse that page. Although many people do not know it, cookies have been used for 20 years, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.
What IS NOT a cookie?
It is not a virus, nor a Trojan, nor a worm, nor spam, nor spyware, nor does it open pop-up windows.
What information does a cookie store?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your DNI or personal information, etc. The data they keep is of a technical nature, personal preferences, content personalization, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person but rather your web browser. In fact, if you regularly browse with Internet Explorer and try browsing the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the website does not realize that you are the same person because you are actually associating the browser, not the person.
What kind of cookies are there?
- Technical cookies: They are the most basic and allow, among other things, to know when a human or an automated application is browsing, when an anonymous user and a registered user are browsing, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic website.
- Analysis cookies: They collect information about the type of navigation you are doing, the sections you use the most, products consulted, time slot of use, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: They show advertising based on your browsing, your country of origin, language, etc.
What are own and third party cookies?
Own cookies are those generated by the page you are visiting and those of third parties are those generated by external services or providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I disable cookies?
To understand the scope of disabling cookies, we show you some examples:
- You will not be able to share the contents of this website on Facebook, Twitter or other social networks.
- The website will not be able to perform web analytics on visits and traffic, which will make it difficult for the web to be competitive.
- You will not be able to comment on the web, rate or rate content. The web will not be able to tell if you are human or an automated application that publishes spam.
Can cookies be deleted?
Yes. Not if they can also be blocked, in a general or particular way for a specific domain.
To delete cookies from a website you must go to the settings of your browser and there you can search for those associated with the domain in question and proceed to their removal.
Configuration of cookies for the most popular browsers
Here’s how to access a specific cookie from your Chrome browser (Note: These steps may vary depending on your browser version):
- Go to Settings or Preferences through the File menu or by clicking on the personalization icon at the top right.
- You will see different sections, click on the option Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content Settings.
- Select All cookies and site data.
- A list with all the cookies ordered by domain will appear. To make it easier to find the cookies of a particular domain, enter partially or completely the address of the Search cookies field.
- After performing this filter, one or more lines will appear on the screen with the cookies of the requested website. Now you just have to select those lines and click the X to delete them.
To access the Internet Explorer cookie settings, follow these steps (Note: they may vary depending on your browser version):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options
- Click on Privacy.
- Adjust the level of privacy you want by moving the pointer over the bar.
To access the cookie settings of the Firefox browser follow the steps below (Note: they may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Options or Preferences according to your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History choose Use custom settings for history.
- You will see the option Accept cookies, you can enable or disable it according to your preferences.
To access the cookie settings of the Safari browser for OSX follow the steps below (Note: they may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Preferences, Privacy.
- In this site you will see the option Block cookies to adjust the type of blocking you want to perform.
To access the cookie settings of the Safari browser for iOS follow these steps (Note: they may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Settings, Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the option Block cookies to adjust the type of blocking you want to perform.
To access the cookie settings of the Android device browser, follow these steps (Note: they may vary depending on the browser version):
- Run the browser and press the Menu key, adjustments.
- Go to Privacy, you will see the option to accept cookies activated or clear the box.
To access the browser cookie settings for Windows Phone devices follow these steps (Note: they may vary depending on the browser version):
- Open Internet Explorer, More, then Settings.
- Now you can enable or disable the checkbox Allow cookies.